The location of a home and the plan for the area around that home can have a significant
impact on both a resident’s quality of life and on the environment. Selecting an appropriate site
for a home is essential to creating more walkable, livable communities with efficient
transportation. One can also improve the air quality in a neighborhood, help manage storm
water, lower energy bills and increase property values simply by protecting and restoring trees
on a site. Planning for construction on a site can prevent soil loss and water pollution by
reducing erosion and properly controlling for storm water.
The Site Planning category of the EarthCraft program focuses on actions that a builder can take
to minimize the direct impact of a building site on the environment. These actions range from
protecting excavated topsoil from erosion to reducing lot size. Projects may also implement
additional site planning measures to promote accessibility to public amenities such as mass
transit and parks or using degraded sites such as brownfields.