(4 credits; 1 exemplary)
To recognise and encourage assets that are inclusive for all its residents.
Does the asset contain features to allow all users regardless age, size, ability or disability to use the asset effectively?
|Credits||Answer||Select a single answer|
|0||A||Question not answered|
|1||C||Yes, limited standard accessibility features|
|2||D||Yes, several standard accessibility features|
|4||E||Yes, several standard and advanced accessibility (Universal Design) features|
|Exemplary||F||Yes, extensive standard and advanced accessibility (Universal Design) features.|
|Criterion||Assessment criteria||Applicable answer|
|1||The asset must contain at least one of the standard accessibility features in each of the four sections of Checklist Hea 12a.||C|
|2||The asset must contain at least 50% of the applicable standard accessibility features in each of the four sections of Checklist Hea 12a.||D|
|3||The asset must contain at least 50% of the applicable standard accessibility features in each of the four sections of Checklist Hea 12a, plus at least one of the applicable advanced accessibility (Universal Design) features in sections 1 - 2 of Checklist Hea 12b.||E|
|4||The asset must contain at least 50% of the applicable standard accessibility features in each of the four sections of Checklist Hea 12a, plus at least 50% of the applicable advanced accessibility (Universal Design) features in sections 1 - 2 of Checklist Hea 12b and at least one additional advanced accessibility (Universal Design) feature in accordance with section 4 of Checklist 12b.||F|
Compliant features Due to the variation in local legislation and design practices for accessibility, usability and inclusivity, the assessment criteria do not stipulate specific design requirements, dimensions or number of each type of feature within the asset. Therefore, compliance with the criteria must be determined by the Assessor’s best judgement on what constitutes a reasonable level of provision and design of features for the type, size and number of users of the asset. Assessors may base their judgement using the following best practice guidance:
- ISO 21542:2011 Building construction - Accessibility and usability of the built environment
- BS 8300-1:2018 Design of an accessible and inclusive built environment - Part 1: External environment - Code of practice
- BS 8300-2:2018 Design of an accessible and inclusive built environment - Part 2: Buildings - Code of practice
- Draft prEN 17210 Accessibility and usability of the built environment - Functional requirements
- Building for Everyone: A Universal Design Approach, Centre for Excellence in Universal Design, 2012 (http://universaldesign.ie/Built-Environment/Building-for-Everyone/ )
- Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) Standards, Department of Defense, General Services Administration and U.S. Postal Service, 2015
Alternatively, the Assessor may base their judgment using local standards where these have similar requirements to the above standards.
Checklists and Tables
Checklist Hea 12a: Standard accessibility features
|Standard accessibility feature|
|1. Access to the asset||
|2. Horizontal and vertical circulation||
|3. Use of the asset's facilities||
|4. Sanitary accommodation||
Checklist Hea 12b: Advanced accessibility (Universal Design) features
|Advanced accessibility feature|
|1. Orientation and wayfinding||
|2. Assistive technologies||
|3. Inclusive spaces||
As specified within best practice guidance (see ‘Compliant features’ in Methodology) in addition to those listed above.
|-||The evidence below is not exhaustive, please also refer to the ‘BREEAM evidential requirements’ section in the scope of the Guidance for appropriate evidence types which can be used to demonstrate compliance|
|All||Photographic evidence of listed features.|
|All||Building plans outlining installed features.|
|All||Specifications of installed features.|
Provision of buildings, parts of buildings, or outdoor built environments for people, regardless of disability, age or gender, to be able to gain access to them, into them, to use them and exit from them.
Approach to the design of the environment, including buildings and their surrounding spaces, and managed and natural landscapes, to ensure that they can be accessed and used by everyone.
Design of products, environments, programmes and services to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialised design. Universal Design does not exclude the need of assistive devices for particular groups or persons with disabilities where relevant. Terms such as “Universal Design”, “accessible design”, “Design for All”, “barrier-free design”, “inclusive design” and “transgenerational design” are often used interchangeably with the same meaning.
Extent to which a product, a service and the built environment can be used by specified users to achieve specified goals with effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction in a specified context of use.
Means of ensuring that someone can find their way, avoid obstacles, and know when they have reached their destination.
Principles of Universal Design
The Principles of Universal Design were developed in 1997 by a working group of architects, product designers, engineers and environmental design researchers at the North Carolina State University, with the purpose “to guide a wide range of disciplines including environments, products and communications”. The seven principles "may be applied to evaluate existing designs, guide the design process and educate both designers and consumers about the characteristics of more usable products and environments”. The seven principles are:
- Principle 1: Equitable Use - The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
- Principle 2: Flexibility in Use - The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
- Principle 3: Simple and Intuitive Use - Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user's experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
- Principle 4: Perceptible Information - The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities.
- Principle 5: Tolerance for Error - The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
- Principle 6: Low Physical Effort - The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
- Principle 7: Size and Space for Approach and Use - Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user's body size, posture, or mobility.
© Copyright Building Research Establishment Ltd 2021