To ensure that external lighting is concentrated in the appropriate areas and that upward lighting is minimised, thereby reducing unnecessary light pollution and nuisance to neighbours.
Has an assessment been performed that demonstrates that external lighting does not result in light pollution at night?
|Credits||Answer||Select answer option|
|0||A||Question not answered|
|2||C||Yes, qualitative assessment performed|
|4||D||Yes, quantitative assessment performed by a lighting professional|
|4||E||Exterior lighting is not provided, and it is not required from a safety perspective|
|Criterion||Assessment criteria||Applicable answer|
For qualitative assessments where external lighting is present:
For quantitative assessments where external lighting is present, a lighting professional confirms:
|3||A lighting professional confirms that external obtrusive lighting has been eliminated through effective design that removes the need for external lighting without adversely affecting the safety and security of the site and its users.||E|
|4||Assessment of illuminance or luminous intensity is not required if all luminaires are cut-off types and angled so that light in potentially obtrusive directions is blocked. Assessment of upward light ratio is not required if all luminaires are cut-off types delivering downward light only.||C-E|
|5||Flush stud lights used for safety purposes in vehicle maneuvering areas may be excluded from the assessment.||C-E|
|6||All types of illuminated sign must meet the criteria, both self-illuminated and those illuminated by reflection from other sources.||C-E|
|7||For the purposes of this issue, external lighting includes both lighting mounted externally, and lighting mounted inside an asset that is primarily intended to enhance its external appearance or light external spaces after dark.||C-E|
Different Curfew times
Where a different curfew time applies for other reasons (e.g. noise control), consideration should be given to the coordination of the curfews, e.g. allowing sufficient time of operation for the lighting after the conclusion of the activity to facilitate crowd dispersal, particularly where large numbers of spectators are involved.
Where light fittings are specified to comply with specific security standards and these conflict with the criteria, they can be excluded from assessment. In these circumstances, the Assessor must obtain evidence confirming the specific security standards and that they are applicable to the asset.
Quantitative assessment by lighting professional
The direct measurement of upward light ratio (ULR), vertical illuminance and luminous intensity may not be possible due to issues with access to luminaires or to neighbouring properties. Consequently, the lighting professional may use their professional judgement to determine compliance with the requirements in Table 36, e.g. visual assessment to estimate the proportion of ULR, or where access to sensitive receptors is not possible, luminous intensity measurements could be made from accessible locations in the direction of the view of luminaires as seen from sensitive receptors. Where lighting design documentation is available from when the lighting was installed, this may be used to demonstrate compliance with the assessment issue criteria.
Checklists and Tables
Table 36: Obtrusive light limitations for exterior lighting installations and illuminated signs
Table 37: Environmental lighting zones
|E0||Dark||Protected||UNESCO Starlight Reserves, IDA Dark Sky Parks|
|E1||Intrinsically dark||Natural||Relatively uninhabited rural areas, e.g. national parks|
|E2||Low district brightness||Rural||Sparsely inhabited rural areas|
|E3||Medium district brightness||Suburban||Well inhabited rural and urban settlements|
|E4||High district brightness||Urban||Town and city centres and other commercial areas|
|-||The evidence below is not exhaustive, please also refer to the ‘BREEAM evidential requirements’ section in the scope of the Guidance for appropriate evidence types which can be used to demonstrate compliance.|
|All||Nighttime lighting levels report or any other relevant study.|
|All||Photographic evidence confirming that external luminaires are designed to restrict upward light and light spill.|
|All||Confirmation that lighting is switched off during the curfew period.|
© Copyright Building Research Establishment Ltd 2021
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