Provide fundamental safety for occupants during periods of disaster and/or emergency.
STRUCTURE REQUIREMENTS (5 POINTS)
Enhanced Emergency Planning for Common Hazards + Extreme Events
American Red Cross Ready Rating
Join (at no cost) the American Red Cross Ready Rating Program. Complete self-assessment and qualify for the “Strong Preparedness Foundation” level.
Reference: American Red Cross Ready Rating Program
Integrate FEMA Guide 141 and Other Considerations with the American Red Cross Ready Rating Program
In addition to the Ready Rating Program, prepare and implement an Enhanced Common Hazards Emergency Preparedness Plan by fulfilling the requirements of the Fundamental Common Hazards Emergency Preparedness Plan outlined in Requirement HPM Pr1 and conforming with Planning Process Steps and all Planning Considerations identified in the FEMA Guide 141, Emergency Management Guide for Business and Industry (Oct. 1993). See “Hazard-Specific Information” starting on page 51, and other pages noted below.
Include all Common Hazard categories included in the Fundamental Common Hazards Emergency Preparedness Plan and the following Planning Considerations as identified in the FEMA Guide 141:
- Communications: All items on pages 31 and 32
- Life Safety: All items on pages 33 and 34
- Property Protection: All items on pages 35 through 37
- Community Outreach: All items on pages 39 through 41
Expand the FEMA Guide 141 Planning Considerations to include the following:
- Mapping For Hazardous Materials Locations + Additional Planning for Incidents
- Develop an Evacuation Plan. Post maps and procedures.
- Shelter-in-Place: Prepare a plan and provide training and emergency supplies for shelter-in-place strategies. American Red Cross Fact Sheet on Shelter-in-Place.
Map the Hazardous Materials present in your Area
Identify the location and types of Hazardous Materials in your area so that you can be better prepared to respond in case of emergencies. At a minimum, use the tools referenced below to conduct your research.
Identify Extremely Hazardous Material Risks in your Area
Using the EPA “Vulnerable Zone Indicator System” webpage, submit a request to the EPA to identify facilities in your area that use extremely hazardous substances under the Risk Management Plan (RMP) Rule.
Guidance: EPA Vulnerable Zone Indicator System
Locate EPA, State and Tribal Facilities of Interest in Your Area
Locate facilities with EPA non-compliance records
Search EPA compliance records using the EPA FRS Envirofacts ECHO/IDEA report using the “What are the compliance records for facilities in my area of interest.” Use this information to better understand potential hazardous material risks in your area.
- EPA Envirofacts ECHO/IDEA report using the “Facility Search - Enforcement and Compliance Data.”
Preparedness Planning for Radiological Events (Nuclear Reactor Incidents)
Locate U.S. Nuclear Reactors near the project location: Nuclear Regulatory Commission Reactor Map
- For Facilities and Communities within 50 Miles of Nuclear Power Plant: Obtain Potassium Iodide (KI) kits and/or tables for people under 40 years of age from the health authorities along with documentation on use precautions and side-effects, proper dosing and use instructions. They must be taken within a few hours of exposure. Distribution is required for state and local government in areas within 20 Miles (per the 2002 Bioterrorism Act). The National Academies (NA) recommends an Emergency Planning Zone (EPZ) of “(about 50 miles in radius, which also includes the 10-mile radius plume exposure EPZ)”. See NA decision factors, p. 80
Guidance: “Distribution and Administration of Potassium Iodide in the Event of a Nuclear Incident” (U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 2004) page 80, and Frequently Asked Questions on Potassium Iodide (KI), dosing information and FDA-approved KI information.
For Facilities and Communities within 20 miles of Nuclear Power Plants and Reactors:
Develop an Emergency Preparedness plan and educate facility and community occupants.
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Radiation Emergencies - What Should I do?
- Radiation Emergencies from CDC - What should I do?
- American Red Cross Fact Sheet on Shelter-in-Place
Investigate the quality of the Public Water System
- Locate the public water system in your area, and check for the water source (groundwater or surface water) and reported contaminant violations. See EPA Envirofacts ECHO/IDEA report using the “What public water systems are in my area of interest” page.
Preparedness Planning for Violence and Other Direct Human Action Emergencies: Civil + Authority
Develop a plan to respond to violence and Other Direct Human Action Emergencies involving Civil and/or Authority actions that threaten occupant safety and/or civil rights. Educate occupants about issues and how they can protect themselves. For Guidance, please refer to:
- Civil Disturbance: Risk Control and Mitigation Strategies - Zürich Insurance Group
- How to Survive a Riot
- What To Do If You Are Exposed to Tear Gas
- American Red Cross Fact Sheet on Shelter-in-Place
- Know Your Rights: What to do if you’re stopped by authorities – ACLU
Planning considerations that call for significant modifications to the structures and/ or infrastructure do not require implementation under this prerequisite, however, the analysis must be performed and reported. Implementation may be used to accrue points under the Innovation in Resiliency category of this checklist as exemplary performance unless implementation directly supports another credit or requirement in this checklist, in which case the actions must be applied to that requirement or credit and cannot be considered for Innovation in Resiliency credit.
- Business emergency planning checklists on
- Emergency Response Plan for businesses, FEMA
For Communities Only: Start or actively participate in a Citizens Corps (3 points)
Organize or participate in a Citizens Corps Renewal - Community Preparedness Team using the Five Steps on the Citizens Corps website. The team’s primary purpose should be to facilitate, organize and assist community residents, businesses and organization to implement Enhanced Emergency Planning as described for Structures as part of their own residences and facilities. The effort should also coordinate individual efforts and resources in support of the broader community.
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