To reduce demand for water through high-efficiency fixtures and efficient landscaping practices.
Reduce total indoor and outdoor water consumption by at least 10% over standard practices.
For indoor water savings, use the Water Reduction Calculator to determine the average flush or flow rate for each fixture type and the estimated daily usage. The baselines for indoor water consumption are shown in Table 1.
Table 1. Indoor water baseline consumption (per person per day)
|Fixture||Baseline flush or flow rate||Estimated fixture usage||Estimated water usage|
|Shower (per compartment)||2.5 gpm||9.5 lpm||6.15 minutes||15.4 gallons||58.4 liters|
|Lavatory, kitchen faucet||2.2 gpm||8.3 lpm||5.0 minutes||11 gallons||41.5 liters|
|Toilet||1.6 gpf||6 lpf||5.05 flushes||8 gallons||30.3 liters|
|Clothes washer||9.5 WF||9.5 WF||0.37 cycles @ 3.5 ft3 (@0.1 m3)||15.1 gallons||57.1 liters|
|Dishwasher||6.5 gpc||24 lpc||0.1 cycles||0.7 gallons||2.4 liters|
gpm = gallons per minute
gpf = gallons per flush
WF = water factor
gpc = gallons per cycle
lpf = liters per flush
lpm = liters per minute
lpc = liters per cycle
For outdoor water savings, use the EPA WaterSense Water Budget Tool to calculate the baseline landscape water consumption and the design landscape water consumption.
Implement the following measures to further reduce landscape water consumption. Add the savings associated with each of the following strategies to the reduction from the landscape water requirement, as calculated in the Water Budget Tool:
- Install smart scheduling technology. This strategy counts for a maximum reduction of 30% provided all landscape water use is controlled by a soil moisture sensor control system or a weather-based irrigation control system.
- Use captured rainwater.
- Use reclaimed water.
- Use water treated on site or conveyed by a public agency specifically for nonpotable uses (water from naturally occurring surface water bodies, such as streams and rivers, and groundwater, such as well water, does not count).
Points are awarded according to Table 2.
Table 2. Points for reducing indoor and outdoor water use