- Internally complementary development
- Residential uses between 15% and 85% of the total planned floor area and is complemented by other use types within the CCC.
- Contextually complementary development
- More than 50% of the total planned floor area is dedicated to uses that balance the category of uses predominant in surrounding transit station catchment area3 or adjacent CCC within the project boundary.
- A use may be counted as only one use type (e.g., a retail store may be counted only once even if it sells products in several categories).
- No more than two uses in each use type may be counted (e.g., if five restaurants are within the required distance, only two may be counted).
- The uses accessible to each counted dwelling unit must represent at least two categories.
References: STAR BE-3 Compact & Complete Communities LEED v4 ND NPD credit: Mixed-Use Neighborhoods
1 TOD guidelines, ITDP
2 Open areas may include green spaces and open community spaces such as plazas and squares.
3 Station catchment area is defined as area that is within walking distance of 1/3 mile (500 meters) up to a maximum walking distance of 3/5 miles (1000 meters) from the rapid transit station entrance to the entrance of the final destination (doorstep of a building). The 3/5 miles (1000 meters) represents a walking time of approximately 20 minutes at the average urban speed of 3 km/h (including waits at intersections). A single station catchment area can cover close to 3.14 km2 (but usually somewhat less since walking distance, not radius, is considered). For further details, refer to TOD Guidelines by ITDP, page 109. Similarly, an adjacent CCC should be within walking distance of 1/3 mile (500 meters) up to a maximum walking distance of 3/5 miles (1000 meters) from the CCC in consideration.
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