Optimize site performance by identifying and executing synergistic opportunities across different disciplines throughout all phases of design and construction.
Projects must complete all of the following steps for prerequisite achievement:
1. Form an integrated design team
- The integrated design team should include, at minimum, the following roles:
- Owner and/or client
- Professionals knowledgeable in design, construction, and maintenance
- Professionals knowledgeable in sustainable practices
- Professionals with expertise in vegetation, water, soils, landscape ecology, materials, and human health and well-being, selected to meet the unique constraints and opportunities of the project and its site
2. Develop a collaborative communication process
- Develop an agreed upon communication method for team members. The method should be collaborative and allow the viewpoints and perspectives of all members to be fully considered in the decision-making process.
- Designate a team facilitator to be responsible for overseeing and ensuring a collaborative communication process.
3. Identify project sustainability principles and performance goals (see O+M P8.1: Plan for sustainable site maintenance)
- Identify the principles and performance goals of the project (both short- and long-term). Include an associated timeline and specific performance measures for each goal to determine when it has been achieved.
- Designate specific team members to track project goals throughout the development process.
4. Incorporate the sustainability principles and performance goals into a program plan
- Develop a program plan that at minimum includes the following information:
- The unique characteristics, opportunities, and constraints of the site
- General project parameters, such as the scope, budget, implementation schedule, purpose, and design intent of the project
- A diagram or description of the intended function, arrangement, and relationship of desired features and their approximate dimensions
- Describe how the sustainability principles and performance goals will be incorporated into the design.
5. Identify stakeholders and site user groups
- Identify project stakeholders.
- Identify the full range of potential site users. List the primary and secondary user groups.
6. Plan for construction oversight
- Designate a team member, other than the contractor, who will be responsible for verifying the site is built per the construction specifications and drawings.
- Meet with the contractor (see Construction P7.1: Communicate and verify sustainable construction practices) prior to construction to review construction specifications, submittal requirements, and drawings and to convey the project’s principles and performance goals.
- Describe the agreed upon method whereby changes can be made in the field during construction.
7. Develop a strategy for preparing a site maintenance plan
- Include all team members in the development of the site maintenance plan (see O+M P8.1: Plan for sustainable site maintenance).
- Form a diverse team of qualified professionals as early as possible; team members will coordinate with one another throughout the life of the project. For optimal interaction and communication, ensure the project team has multiple face-to-face meetings.
- Discuss available resources (e.g., budget, staff, volunteers, equipment, materials) as part of the site maintenance plan. Determine short- and long-term maintenance principles and performance goals. Identify present and potential invasive species, and integrate a pest management plan into the performance goals.
- From the project onset, engage the client in participating in and ideally leading a design charrette process with the assistance of the project design team leadership. The design team should embrace a systems thinking design approach.